Ecological space of the sod-lithogenic soils on the red-brown clays animal community
The ecological niche is the keystone conception of theoretical ecology. But for its use methodical difficulties appears which can be solved with the help of the number of statistical techniques which includes OMI-analyses. This procedure has given the possibility of visualization of the ecological niche of soil animal community of the sod-lithogenic soils on the red-brown clays. The phenomenon of differentiation of the ecological niche demands the explanation of structuring ecological space and detects of dominant factors which have influenced for the physiognomy of communities of soil animals. The important problem is also to evaluate the role of ecological specialization of animals, which expresses in the terms ecomorphical structure. The usage of RLQ-analyses has permitted to quantity estimate the influence of vegetation features and edaphic factors on the spatial distribution of soil mesofauna. The researching polygon is characterized both the presence of patch with optimal vital activity terms, and with unfavorable conditions. Mesopedobionts within researching polygon have been established as not being ecologically homogeneous. The functional groups A and B embrace in the majority of endogeic animals such as larvae of beetles. The ecologically diverse ecomorphic properties of these groups with high density of the animal community may be determined by the axis number 1. These groups concentrate within 3–4 meters diameter patches with most favorable conditions for vital activity. Such patches are marginal for this polygon. The functional group C is presented by gerpetobiont animals which are able to migrate and relatively tolerant to edaphic factors. That is why centroid of given group is most closely located to the typical condition of this polygon. Considered indicators of soil as environment of living organisms permit to estimate the community’s ecological niche. The quantity characteristics of species ecological niches within researching polygon such as specialization and marginality have been estimated. At first for the characteristics of soil animals’ ecological niches have been used phytoindicator scales and ecomorphical analyses of the vegetations structure and also physiognomy types of it. The selection of functional groups of soil animals and applied for them ecomorphical characteristics are present high information values and conformity of indicator scales for the description of real current types of conditions of ecosystems.
Bathke, G. R., Cassel, D. K., Hargrove, W. L., Porter, P. M., 1992. Subsurface compaction reduces the root and shoot growth and grain yield of wheat. Soil Science. 154, 316–328.
Belgard, A. L., 1971. Stepnoe lesovedenie [Steppe forestry]. Lesnaya promyshlennost, Moscow (in Russian).
Bondar, G. A., Zhukov, A. V., 2011. Ekologicheskaya struktura rastitelnogo pokrova, sformirovannogo v rezultate samozarastaniya dernovo-litogennyih pochv na lessovidnyih suglinkah [Ecological structure of vegetation, formed as a result of self-overgrowing sod-lithogenic soil on loess loam]. Bulletin of the Dnepropetrovsk State Agrarian University. 54–62 (in Russian).
Buligіn, S. Yu., Oprishko, O. O., Gaybura, N. A., Bіdolakh, D. І., 2005. Viznachennya umistu gumusu v grunti nekontaktnimi metodami [Determination of the contents of humus in the soil non-contact methods]. Journal of Agricultural Science. 34–37 (in Ukrainian).
Demidov, A. A., Kobets, A. S., Gritsan, Yu. I., Zhukov, A. V., 2013. Prostranstvennaya agroekologiya i rekultivatsiya zemel [Spatial agroecology and reclamation]. Svidler A. L., Dnipropetrovsk (in Russian).
Dospekhov, B. A., 1979. Metodika opyitnogo dela [Methodology of experimental work]. Kolos, Moscow, (in Russian).
Dray, S., Legendre, P., Peres-Neto, P., 2006. Spatial modelling: a comprehensive framework for principal coordinate analysis of neighbours matrices (PCNM). Ecological Modelling. 196, 483–493.
Faechner, T., Pyrcz, M. J., Deutsch, C. V., 2000. Prediction of Yield Response to Soil Remediation. Geoderma. 97, 21–38.
Gilyarov, M.S., 1965. Zoologicheskiy metod diagnostiki pochv [Zoological method of diagnosis of soil]. Moskow, Nauka (in Russian).
Hall, L., Krausman, P., Morrison, M., 1997. The habitat concept and a plea for standard terminology. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 25, 173–182.
Hutchinson, G. E., 1957. Concluding remarks. Cold Spring Harbour Symposium on Quantitative Biology. 22, 415–427.
Kunakh, O. N., Kolyada, V. V., 2010. Otobrazhenie tehnozemov v geograficheskom i ekologicheskom prostranstvah [Displaying of the tehnozem in the geographical and ecological space]. Bulletin of the Dnepropetrovsk State Agrarian University. 56–60 (in Russian).
Kunakh, O. N., Zhukov, A. V., Balyuk, Yu. A., 2013. Prostranstvennaya organizatsiya soobschestva pochvennyih mezopedobiontov v usloviyah rekreatsionnoy nagruzki v lesoparkovom nasazhdenii [Spatial organization of soil mesopedobionts under load recreational park plantations]. Biological Bulletin of The Melitopol State Pedagogical University. 274–286 (in Russian).
Matveyev, N. M., 2003. Optimizatsiya sistemyi ekomorf rasteniy A. L. Belgarda v tselyah fitoindikatsii ekotopa i biotopa [The System Optimization of the A. L. Belgard’s ecomorphs of plants in order phytoindication ecotope and habitat]. Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology. 105–113 (in Russian).
Medvedev, V. V., 2009. Tverdost pochvyi [The soil hardness]. Gorodskaya tipografiya, Kharkiv (in Russian).
Milchunas, D. G., Lauenroth, W. K., 1995. Inertia in plant community structure: state changes after cessation of nutrient-enrichment stress. Ecological Applications. 5, 452–458.
Pennisi, B. V., M. van Iersel, 2002. 3 ways to measure medium EC. GMPro. 22(1), 46–48.
Samsonova, V. P., 2008. Prostranstvennaya izmenchivost pochvennyih svoystv: Na primere dernovo-podzolistyih pochv [Spatial variability of soil properties: the example of sod-podzolic soils]. Izdatelstvo LKI, Moskow. (in Russian).
Shein, Ye. V., 2005. Kurs fiziki pochv [Rates of soil physics]. Izdatelstvo Moskovskogo Universiteta, Moscow (in Russian).
Shemavnev, V. I., Gordiyenko, N. A., Dyrda, V. I., Zabaluyev, V. A., 2005. Ustoychivoe razvitie slozhnyih ekotehnosistem [Sustainable development of the complex ekotehnosystems]. Avantazh, Dnipropetrovsk (in Russian).
Tarasov, V. V., 2005. Flora Dnipropetrovskoyi ta Zaporizkoyi oblastey. Sudinns roslini. BIologoekologschna harakteristika vidsv [Flora of Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhzhya regions. Vascular plants. Biolohoekologycal characteristic species]. Vidavnitstvo DNU, Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian).
Tilman, D., 1984. Plant dominance along an experimental nutrient gradient. Ecology. 65, 1445–1453.
Tilman, D., 1987. Secondary succession and the pattern of plant dominance along experimental nitrogen gradients. Ecological Monographs. 57, 189–214.
Tsyganov, D. N., 1983. Fitoindikatsiya ekologicheskih faktorov v podzone hvoyno-shirokolistvennyih lesov [Phytoindication environmental factors in the subzone of mixed coniferous-deciduous forests]. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).
Uzbek, І. Kh., Galagan, T. І., 2004. Fiziko-himichni vlastivosti edafotopiv tehnogennih landshaftiv i yih ekologo-ekonomichne znachennya [Physical and chemical properties of the edafotops of techogenic landscapes and their ecological and economic importance]. Eurasian Soil Science. 102–106 (in Ukrainian).
Verhagen, A., Booltink, H. W. G., Bouma, J., 1995. Site-specific management: Balancing production and environmental requirements at farm level. Agric. Syst. 49, 369–384.
Vinton, M. A., Burke, I.C., 1995. Interactions between individual plant species and soil nutrient status in short-grass steppe. Ecology. 76, 1116–1133.
Volokh, P. V., Uzbek, І. Kh., 2010. Suchasniy Gruntogenez na rekultivovanih lItozemah zoni stepu Ukrayini [Modern forming process on reclaimed soils in the Steppe Zone of Ukraine]. Bulletin of the Dnepropetrovsk State Agrarian University. 39–47 (in Ukrainian).
Zadorozhnaya, G. A., 2012. Prostorova organIzatsIya dernovo-lItogennih gruntiv na siro-zelenih glinah [Spatial variability of hardness of the sod-lithogenic soils on the gray-green clay]. Biological Bulletin of The Melitopol State Pedagogical University. 48–57 (in Ukrainian).
Zhukov, A. V., Zadorozhnaya G. A., Andrusevich Ye. V., 2012. Optimalnaya strategiya otbora pochvennyih obraztsov na osnovanii dannyih ob elektricheskoy provodimosti tehnozemov [The optimal strategy for soil sampling on the basis of data on the electrical conductivity of tehnozem]. Biological Bulletin of The Melitopol State Pedagogical University. 64–80 (in Russian).
Zhukov, O. V., 2009. EkomorfIchniy analiz konsortsIy gruntovih tvarin [Ekomorphical analysis of the soil animals consortium]. Svіdler A. L., Dnipropetrovsk (in Ukrainian)
Abstract views: 72 PDF Downloads: 93